What was the cause of the Civil War in the United States?

Answer by Josh Boyd:

Slavery is the answer, and for those who claim it was over states’ rights, ask them what particular right the states wanted to protect.  Here’s a hint, it starts with an „s” and ends with a „lavery.”  There is no real debate about this anymore, at least among people whose opinions are taken seriously.  You might be able to find a few, but I’d wager they’re attention seekers trying to sell a book.  Professor David Blight of Yale has an excellent series of lectures on YouTube, the last two of which discuss the legacy of the war and the Lost Cause in historiography, if you have the time.
The Civil War and Reconstruction with David Blight
Numerous historians have spoken out on this subject and worked to dispel the old Lost Cause myth that Southerners were only fighting for a way of life and not over slavery.  Two minutes of reading destroys this ridiculous concept, and it’s a wonder it lasted as long as it did.

The best evidence that the war was over slavery comes from the Confederates themselves.  In nearly every state ordinance of secession, slavery appears as one of their main reasons for leaving the Union.

South CarolinaDeclaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union (The last two-thirds is all about slavery.)

MississippiAvalon Project – Confederate States of America – Mississippi Secession (my favorite part is the second sentence – „Our position is thoroughly identified with the position of slavery.”)

GeorgiaAvalon Project – Confederate States of America – Georgia Secession (second sentence -„For the last ten years we have had numerous and serious causes of complaint against our non-slave-holding confederate States with reference to the subject of African slavery.”)

Texas A Declaration of the Causes which Impel the State of Texas to Secede from the Federal Union (Texas waited till the 5th sentence – „She was received as a commonwealth holding, maintaining and protecting the institution known as negro slavery– the servitude of the African to the white race within her limits– a relation that had existed from the first settlement of her wilderness by the white race, and which her people intended should exist in all future time.)

They go on and on, Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens laid it all out in March of 1861 in what’s known as his Cornerstone Address:

Internet History Sourcebooks

Here’s a couple of the highlights for you:

But not to be tedious in enumerating the numerous changes for the better, allow me to allude to one other-though last, not least: the new Constitution has put at rest forever all the agitating questions relating to our peculiar institutions-African slavery as it exists among us-the proper status of the negro in our form of civilization. This was the immediate cause of the late rupture and present revolution.

… Our new Government is founded upon exactly the opposite ideas; its foundations are laid, its cornerstone rests, upon the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery, subordination to the superior race, is his natural and moral condition.

Were there other causes for the war?  Sure.  Divergent economic interests, different social structures, political concerns, the list goes on.  The funny thing is though, even after you break it down into all these categories, it all comes back to slavery.  Their economy was based on it, their society depended on it, and their politics existed solely to extend slavery in order to promote their economy and further their society.  They were so consumed with slavery that they would watch their entire world burn to the ground before giving it up.

EDIT: Joseph Boyle mentioned that this post does not distinguish between the Upper South and the Deep South.  Lincoln’s call for volunteers in April after the fall of Fort Sumter served as a catalyst for most of the Upper South to secede*, but the overall cause remains the same.  I’ve included some information from the Virginia State Convention as I’ve been working on a project related to this topic.

*I have my own opinions on the effects of Lincoln’s call for volunteers, especially in regard to the Virginia Convention, but it would be a major digression from the original question, so I’ll save that for another time.

From the Virginia State Convention of 1861:

„… I say that this Union ought to be, and I trust in God will be dissolved … We must have a settlement of this question, and a settlement forever.  It has been an ulcer in our side for thirty years … Men in every branch of the business of life do not know how to shape their contracts because of the agitation every four years of this never-dying question of African slavery”
–  Jeremiah Morton, representative of Orange and Greene Counties, February 28, 1861

While the anti-slavery sentiment was merely speculative we had no right to complain; but now that it has become an efficient agent in the government, it is no longer safe for a slave State to remain under that government.”
George Wythe Randolph, representative of Richmond City, March 16, 1861

„… these facts show you that your existence as a free people, that your existence as a slaveholding people depends on your separation from this Government, where, if you remain, you will be crushed out; you will become degraded outcasts among the nations of the earth…”
Lieutenant Governor Robert Montague, representative of Mathews and Middlesex Counties, April 1, 1861

Freehling, William and Craig Simpson, eds. Showdown in Virginia: The 1861 Convention and the Fate of the Union. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2010.

You can also find the full text of the Virginia Convention here:
Virginia Convention of 1861

What was the cause of the Civil War in the United States?


What are some of the best marvels of engineering?

Answer by Alan Wang:

The new Hong Kong International Airport.

That large stretch of flat land in the middle of the water was originally two separate, mountainous islands. To build it, they demolished the mountains and used the rocks to infill the space between the islands to create a large piece of flat ground upon which to build the airport.

Think about that for a little bit.

We blew up two mountains and moved them into the sea.

What are some of the best marvels of engineering?


What are some of the best moments of humanity?

Answer by Christopher Raynor:

A true story unfolded today at an Australian railway station.

A train arrived at the station during morning rush hour.

During the boarding of the train by many passengers and just as the doors of the train were to close the following situation unfolded.

One person noticed that a man had slipped and was stuck between the gap of the open door and platform.

People alerted the officials and human togetherness tried to free the man.

Then as nothing happened somebody said everyone should stand on one side inside the train so the weight of the train could be taken off the man's body.

This solution did not work.

Then people power became the solution.

All this happening with great urgency.

Everyone got out of the train and pushed the carriage away from the trapped man.

It worked with a person close to the man lifting him out as the gap widened.

No serious injury occurred and all got back on the train and went about their lives.

I will add a link to the film.

People power frees man from train

What are some of the best moments of humanity?


Charles Duke – astronautul de pe Apolo 16 care s-a intors la Domnul

„Am păşit pe lună timp de trei zile, dar a merge alături de Isus, este pentru totdeauna”, a declarat astronautul Charlie Duke în a treia zi a Festivalului Starmus, ce s-a desfăşurat recent în Insulele Canare, aşa cum suntem informaţi de Protestante Digital şi Agenţia EFE.


Astronautul de pe Apolo 16, Charlie Duke a afirmat că el este convins că Dumnezeu există, în urma unei întâlniri personale cu El, într-o experienţă vitală pe care a avut-o în urma intenţiei de suicid a soţiei sale în 1975, la şase ani după ce el a păşit pe Lună. Duke a specificat că el crede în Dumnezeu aşa cum au făcut şi alţi oameni de ştiinţă precum Copernic, Pascal, Newton, Einstein şi a insistat că nu este nici un conflict între prietenii lui – oameni de ştiinţă – şi libertatea lui de credinţă.

Vezi articolul original 81 de cuvinte mai mult

@IT Resurse

TV Philips combina Android, rezolutia 4K …- TechCafe update

philips tv cu android si rezolutie 4k

Philips incearca sa gaseasca o cale de a incita cumparatorii de televizoare cu noi modele ce folosesc noua tehnologie Smart TV de la Google si o multime de pixeli. Noile modele de televizoare (Philips 7900, Philips 8900 si Philips 9100) folosesc sistemul de operare Android si ofera rezolutii impresionante 4K (3840×2160 pixeli – UHD).

Philips are in portofoliu televizoare 4K “pentru gustul si bugetul tuturor” a declarat seful comercial, Nico Vernieuwe. Rezolutiile UHD sunt comune in industria TV dar mai putin comun este utilizarea sistemului de operare Google Android. Cele trei modele de televizoare ruleaza sistemul de operare Android 4.2.2 Jelly Bean.

Pentru prima data aducem viteza unui smartphone si usurinta de utilizare pe televizoarele inteligente. Suntem convinsi ca prin acest nou concept adus pe piata, vom duce Smart TV-urile la urmatorul nivel.” a spus Vernieuwe

Noile televizoare au certificare din partea Google asta inseamna ca pot rula aplicatii descarcate direct din Google Play. Acestea mai include si aplicatii pentru YouTube, Spotify, Facebook, Netflix si Dropbox iar alte aplicatii de la Google ar fi cautare, filme si muzice prin Google Play dar si navigatorul de internet Chrome.



ARAD 20 – 20


10 weird things I accidentally learned about New York


Marele test – Pilda talanților


Să fim recunoscători lui Dumnezeu pentru tot ce avem. Să facem însă ce trebuie cu ce avem, nu e suficient să știm ce avem și să punem bine!

Afară de Lege, eu cred că prin Evanghelie noi putem câștiga pe alții pentru Dumnezeu. Evanghelia este puterea lui Dumnezeu pentru mântuirea fiecăruia care crede, în ea este putere de multiplicare, de îmbogățire în cele din urmă.

Doamne ajută!

Vezi articolul original


Raspunde Dumnezeu la rugaciunea crestinului care traieste in pacat?

agnus dei - english + romanian blog

Photo credit

Traducere Blogul Agnus Dei – Articol de  Matt Slick via

Nu, Dumnezeu nu raspunde la rugaciunile crestinilor care sunt in pacat. Cand spunem ca sunt „in pacat,” noi spunem ca ei traiesc in pacat, si nu se pocaiesc de pacatul lor. Dumnezeu zice ca El nu va auzi rugaciunile lor.

  • Psalmi 66:18, Dacă aş fi cugetat lucruri nelegiuite în inima mea, nu m-ar fi ascultat Domnul. („If I regard wickedness in my heart, the Lord will not hear.”)
  • Proverbe 1:28-29, 28Atunci mă vor chema, şi nu voi răspunde; mă vor căuta, şi nu mă vor găsi.29Pentru că au urât ştiinţa şi n-au ales frica Domnului,  (“Then they will call on me, but I will not answer; They will seek me diligently, but they shall not find me, 29 Because they hated knowledge, And did not choose the fear of the Lord.”)


Vezi articolul original 308 cuvinte mai mult

Evenimente crestine Muzika

Două evenimente Jubilate – Jubilate update

Dragi prieteni,
Vă invităm să participați la o seară plină de cântare și de bucurie în 25 octombrie 2014, ora 18!

Seară de imnuri creștine româneşti
Biserica Baptistă nr. 1 – Mănăștur, Cluj
Str. Ospătăriei, Nr.10

Seara de imnuri creștine se adresează tuturor iubitorilor de cântări şi marchează încheierea Concursului de imnuri creştine 2014. Vom cânta piesele selectate în cadrul concursului. Intrarea este liberă.

In 23 şi 24 octombrie 2014 va avea loc un alt eveniment important la Biserica Baptistă nr. 1, Mănăștur:

Atelierul va fi condus de Ken Tucker (Biserica Baptistă nr. 1, Cluj) şi va avea ca invitați speciali pe:

Emi Bălăceanu – dirijorul Corului Evanghelic Bucureşti, autor al cântării Toți să fie una.

Benoni Catană – autor a mii de texte de cântări, sute de poezii şi compoziţii muzicale, autor al cântării Psalmul 139 (Cu Tine nu sunt singur).

Carmen Gavril – dirijoarea corului Bisericii Creștine după Evanghelie Pașcani, textiera cântărilor: Dumnezeul Creator, Zi de zi din fântâna mântuirii, Te iubesc şi-Ţi cânt.

Atelierul îşi propune să-i sprijinească pe cei interesaţi să-şi îmbunătăţească deprinderile de a scrie pentru cântarea in comun.